Cambodia: History of International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Activities
The Role of International Committee of the Red Cross in Cambodia
Introduction of the International committee of the Red Cross
Cambodia’s main humanitarian agency is the ICRC Established on 18 February 1955, the Royal Government is formally recognized as a key affiliate to the humanitarian national governments. It was accepted by the World Federation on October 8, 1960 as a Member of the International Federation of Red Crescent and Red Cross Communities.
Between 1965 and 1975, the ICRC first worked in Cambodia working closely with the Cambodian Red Cross Organization to support and defend civilians affected by the military conflict. In 1979, the ICRC came back to the country and is now functional. The group is now focused on the health of prisoners and physical recovery of those affected by mining and unexploded remains of war.
In 1965, the ICRC started operating in Cambodia, principally to support victims of the Vietnam War but left in 1975. When she returned, she worked on emergency procedures in 1979. It concentrated on encouraging rebuilding and rehabilitation efforts in the 1990s. In 2000, the ICRC gave Cambodian Red Cross responsibility for the follow-up.
History of the International committee of Red Cross
The main intention of the ICRC since its establishment in 1863 was to ensure the security and care of survivors of military struggle and confrontation.
This is accomplished by its direct intervention worldwide, as well as by facilitating the establishment and support for international humanitarian law (IHL). His story is about humanitarian development, the International Treaties and the operation of the Red Cross.
The first conference in Geneva, Switzerland, on February 1863 was arranged by what was to still be the Series Of connected of the Red Cross. Among the five participants, was a local man called Henry Dunant, who wrote a book on better treatment of injured soldiers in wartime the year before (A Souvenir of Soldering).
By the close of next year, Dunant’s national societies plan had been accepted by members of the government, in order to support military medicine. And the first Refugee Convention was passed in August 1864, convincing legislatures. This Treaty compelled the army, whichever side, to look after injured troops, and adopted a universal emergency care symbol — a white red cross.
The key function of the ICRC was to be organised. But the need for a neutral broker between the warring sides became increasingly visible in field exercises. The ICRC spread its efforts over 50 years, founding national societies (the first in Württemberg in November 1863) and adapting the Geneva Convention to cover war at shore.
The Role of International Committee of Red Cross in Cambodia
It worked on meeting the concerns of the citizens impacted by the war in Vietnam from 1965, when the ICRC started to work in Cambodia, until 1970.
In those moments, heavy civilian as well as military deaths were the result of regular conflicts on the frontier between Cambodia and the Republic of South Vietnam. The ICRC has assisted the Red Cross of Cambodia in providing medical services to the injured.
After the 1970 Coup, ICRC and some 20 National Red Cross societies began an emergency operation to help tens of thousands of displaced people with shelter, emergency aid and vital medicine, alongside the International Union of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. After Phnom Penh came in April 1975, the ICRC had to leave this country.
Any of the foreign states, including ICRC and UNICEF, were permitted to return to Cambodia some days after the arrival of the Vietnamese forces in Phnom Penh in mid-1979. In August 1979, they started a joint urgent situation to cater for the millions of people in need food, water and medical treatment. The operation had delivered about 250,000 metric tonnes of food before it came to an end in December 1980.
The ICRC focused on the critical care assistance production as part of the operation. The ICRC has established its monitoring operations, as the war divided thousands of families. The work included the case of missing persons in Cambodia and Thailand at the behest of their relatives, making it possible to share and reunite individual family persons wherever possible.
In October 1991, a ceasefire deal was concluded between armed groups and the resistance alliance. The next year, a massive refugee camp at the Thai border (Khao I Dang) repatriated refugees. However, in Northern and western Cambodia, in particular in Pail in, fighting started shortly after the 1993 elections. Cambodia saw its first year of absolute stability only in 1999.
The ICRC, via its Bangkok National Representation, has been working for Cambodia since 2000. During the post-conflict era, government ministries and other agencies and organisations continue to be funded.
It is estimated that in Cambodia there are more than 150,000 individuals with physical disabilities. As a result, the ICRC is now focused on its physical recovery programme, which covers: The Regional Physical Rehabilitation Centre in Battambang and the former US Red Cross Regional Physical Rehab Facility Kampong Spew since 2004 are orthodoxy factories of Phnom Penh Component Factory.
The ICRC analyses the treatment and circumstances for which inmates are held and addresses with the government their suggestions. It revived water and sanitary programmes in prisons in 2003 and consequently improved funding for capacity development for the authority to develop water and sanitary conditions for prisoners.
The ICRC’s monitoring facility, in Bangkok (which has all Cambodian folding files since 1975), continued to manage the mapping demands of its records since handing over tracing duty to the Cambodian Red Cross in 2000. In 2005, the ICRC began scanning and storing all trace files.
The ICRC supports the IHL and Universal Values and carries out mining operations and orthopaedic activities through the Cambodian Red Cross.